Discipline at work and disciplinary procedures are designed to help employers get the best out of members and are never to be used to intimidate or coerce employees.
Employment tribunals deal with legal hearings between workers and employers when there is a dispute about employment rights that can’t be resolved less formally.
A grievance is a complaint made by an employee to their employer, which requires the employer to take further action. Employees can use grievance procedures to resolve workplace disputes. Grievances can be informal and formal. Raising a grievance may result in a grievance hearing, as part of the employers internal procedures.
Industrial action occurs when members of a trade union organise into a group that either refuses to work, or refuses to work in the way employers want. Industrial action may take place when no resolution has been found in bargaining and negotiation with the employer.